The First Conditional in English
If you watch this week’s video, you’ll learn about a very import aspect of English: The First Conditional. It’s a very positive piece of grammar because we can use it to describe things that will happen if a condition is met.
The key thing to remember is that it’s the probability of condition, that’s the part after the if, being met that determines whether you use the first or second conditional.
Structure of the First Conditional
In English, you can put the two clauses of a conditional statement in any order. The structure of each clause, however, is fixed:
If + subject + verb in the present simple tense… subject + verb in the future simple (will + infinitive).
Subject + verb in the future simple (will + infinitive)… if + subject + verb in the present simple tense.
“If it’s sunny this afternoon, I’ll have a lot more energy.”. When we say this sentence we believe there’s a high probability that it will be sunny this afternoon. If it comes true, then the speaker will certainly have a lot more energy. It’s quite subjective.
There is often confusion around which tense to use in the if clause (the condition) because we are talking about a future event. Some learners use the simple future in the condition: “If it will be sunny…”. This is wrong. We use the present simple.
There you go guys, hope you enjoyed this week’s entry. Let me know what you think in the comments.
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