The Second Conditional in English
The second conditional in English goes like this: “If I spoke more English, I’d be a more fluent speaker.”. It’s used to describe possible, but unlikely, future events if a condition is met. It is unlikely or impossible that the condition will be met. Just like “If I ate before I went out drinking, I’d have less fun.” is the mantra of many British university students.
The second conditional differs from the first conditional in the key aspect of likelihood. See my video on that here.
We structure a second conditional sentence using, maybe bizarrely, the past simple in the conditional clause. However, we’re talking about possible events in the present that would cause events in the future. We then use would followed by a verb in the infinitive to complete the sentence.
Possibility, possibility, possibility
It’s all about possibility. If you don’t think there’s much chance (possibility) of a condition coming true (being met), then you need the second conditional. If you think there’s a high chance of the condition coming true, you need the first conditional!
So tell me: what would you do if you achieved all your English goals tomorrow? Let me know in the comments!
Don’t forget to subscribe on YouTube and follow me on Instagram for more, regular content about English!
Have a great weekend, guys!